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Such festival calendars were also copied and kept in the scrolls of the temple archives.From these, we can often determine whether a feast took place within the civil calendar or according to the moon.There was nothing better than breaking the routine of life with a grandiose festival for the ancient Egyptians.

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Hence, we can add up the total amount of grain that was needed for the subsistence of a cult, at least for the major ceremonies.

From this data, scholars have been able to determine quantitatively how wealthy a specific major temple was and approximately how many priests were necessary for the preservation of the .

From extant data we can reconstruct a cultic calendar for the major deities of Egypt, such as Amun at Thebes, Hathor of Dendera, Horus of Edfu and others.

Frequently, inscribed on the walls of such temples are detailed lists of feasts, all presented in a systematic manner.

Particularly for major events, the economic support of the king was required.

Much of our knowledge about this function of festivals is found at Medinet Habu, which presents remarkable details, such as the exact number of bread loaves, cakes, beer containers, meat, fowl, incense, cultic charcoal and such, which is listed beside each event.

This event was recognized as being very important because the reappearance of Sothis after a period of seventy days' invisibility originally marked the emergence of the New Year and later was thought of as the ideal rebirth of the land.

Most of the festivals took place were fixed within the civil calendar.

For example we know that an annual celebration was established by Ramesses III to honor his victory over the Libyans (Meshwesh), who had unsuccessfully invaded Egypt, and another secular occasion was the coronation of kings, the date of which was frequently included in religious calendars.

Since Sothis had no specific cult, the heliacal Rising of Sothis (the star Sirius) might be considered a secular celebration.

Fortunately, the walls of the the Greco-Roman temples at Dendera, Edfu, Esna, Kom Ombo and Philae provide additional information not included in the festival calendars, which allow us to reconstruct the events in greater detail.

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